Gone are the days when a plain and simple HTML site used to capture attention. With multiple upgrades in design and technology, the trend has changed now. It is the world of graphics and animations now.
Cascade Style Sheets (CSS) have captured the attention of every web designer these days.No matter how good you are at coding, but if you cannot produce an appealing, eye catching design, your code will go in vain.
This article is for all those web design freaks who are always eager to try out something new in CSS3 technology.
Although CSS can be applied to any form of document written in XML but it is used generally in HTML. So, if you are an avid coder in HTML you are all set to go for CSS.
What are the new CSS3 Features?
There were a couple of versions indeed before CSS3 which had changed the face of web designing but they could hardly stand in front of the CSS3 features.
Let us discuss them in detail:
1.) Multiple Backgrounds
Every designer dreams of an eye-catchy design, adding more to his website’s appeal.
A simple comma-separated list in CSS3 gives you the flexibility to apply multiple backgrounds(one image per list) to a single element. Designers can achieve mind-blowing effects with this feature.
The list can be created in form of independently movable layers (one above the other), starting with the first background on top to the last background on the bottom.
2.) Animations and Transitions
All major browsers now support CSS animations, including IE 10.
CSS3 animations can be created in two processes. In the first process, the changes of CSS3 properties are animated with the transition declaration.
3.) Calculate value
This is one of the magnificent CSS3 features. You can now calculate values of the elements using the ‘calc()’ function. Simple arithmetic calculations such as size, frequency, and angle are some of the basic things that CSS3 calculates.
An additional cool feature included in this feature of CSS3 is,mixing of different units like pixels and percentage. Different layouts you have used in the past would now sound obsolete with this feature.
The great news about this feature is it works with IE9 and beyond, Mozilla Firefox 4.0 (Gecko) and beyond, Chrome and Safari, thus giving CSS3 an edge over CSS in the battle of CSS vs CSS3.
4.) Gradients and Blending
Web designers love this feature as it gives them the power to generate excellent transitions between colors. The excellent part is CSS gradients look amazing on retina displays as they are created on the fly.
The design patterns can be linear, radial and set to repetition.
You can use the background-blend-mode property to blend images with colors. If you have a good hold of Photoshop, you can use this feature to use different blend modes such as overlay, hard-light, soft-light, difference, hue, exclusion, and so on.
This is a layout mode in CSS3 properties designed to enhance an object’s alignment, direction and order inside a container. This is compatible with different screen sizes and devices.
The flexible box model provides an upper hand over the block model without any use of floats.
This simply means the container’s margins remain different from the margins of its content.
6. Media Queries
This feature is the most important to learn if you are a prospective web designer. This is an old feature, but deserves to be enlisted here because of the way it has transformed the way websites are designed.
Media queries are extremely easy to use. Once you enclose CSS styles in a block guarded by a @media rule, you are good to go. Each @media block gets active when one or more conditions are met.
7. Web Fonts
If you have gone through a time when there were only a handful of “”web-safe”” fonts, then this new addition to the CSS3 properties will give you a sigh of relief.
Now you can embed fonts using services like typekit and Google Fonts – all you have to do is, include a stylesheet in your page.
@font-face rule enables you to define the name, source files and characteristics of fonts, which can be later referred in your personal font/font-family declarations.
8. Text Overflow
This is another inclusion in the exciting new CSS3 features. It lets you deal with the clipped text which does not include in the container using the text-overflow property.
This features 3 optional values:
- clip- This is present by default and is used to clip the text.
- ellipsis- Upon application of this value, an ellipsis “”…”” is created in order to represent the clipped text.
- initial- This will reset the property to the initial value.
9. Box Sizing
The only biggest difficulty CSS designers used to face is the box model.
Earlier due to the standardization bodies, it was difficult to control the alignment of the text. As a result, there was no proper padding and borders.
This problem is now solved with the box-sizing rule in CSS3 features. It sets the elements of border-box and controls the element’s behavior exactly the way you want.
10. CSS-3D Transforms
Last but not the least, here comes the most impressive feature of CSS3 in the CSS vs CSS3 battle. There is nothing better than an attractive 3D demo built in CSS.
Presenting it as a demo is not yet confirmed, but designers and developers can achieve heart winning results with appropriate measures.
Other Remarkable Mentions
Apart from the above-mentioned eye-candy CSS3 features, there are few more to be enlisted here.
- data-uri: Brings a background image in every browser
- opacity and background-size: Supported in all the browsers, these are the worthy mentions when it comes to adding an enhanced look to your website’s looks.
There are features which do not allow cross-browser support as of now but are worth waiting. They are flexbox, filters, @supports and CSS masks.
CSS3 has been a boon for web designers so far and it is also estimated that with the upcoming features, it will rule the web design world. So, a little heads up for designers – gain expertise before the competition begins.